Fri16Dec20168.30 am - 1.30 pmShow details
This workshop aims at discussing two specific topics of potential value for addressing mobility problems in Indian cities: (1) Transportation modeling tools and (2) Transportation technologies.
Bengaluru and other cities in India are experiencing an unprecedented growth in the demand for travel and associated challenges, including traffic congestion, air pollution, declining safety of travellers, and economic impacts. To address these issues, a variety of mobility, policy, and technology solutions are being considered. These include smart city approaches such as mixed land-uses, transit oriented developments, walkable and cyclable neighborhoods, shared mobility, last mile connectivity, and the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) for traffic management. In the face of the multitude of mobility solutions being considered, transportation modeling tools play an important role in the evaluation and design of appropriate solutions.
Therefore, a specific focus of the workshop will be on the development of modelling tools that can be used to analyze (or simulate) urban travel demand and system performance under alternative scenarios of urban design, mobility policies, and technology solutions.
Another topic of interest to the workshop is emerging technologies that can potentially revolutionize urban mobility. Such technologies include automated (or the so called driverless), wireless connected, and sensing enabled transportation systems. A reason why these two topics – mobility modelling tools and emerging mobility technologies – will be discussed together is the potential for synergy between the two in addressing urban mobility problems. Therefore, opportunities for such synergies will be discussed as well.
Mon02Jan201710.00-11.00Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
The rise of Internet of Things and cyber-physical systems create new challenges in interconnecting variety of devices and people for the systems to function in a holistic manner to address issues of efficiency, robustness and resilience of systems. As these systems become increasingly complex, there is a need to revisit system engineering approaches, standards, and semantic interoperability.
This talk will also provide an example of a Smart City project in Downtown Washington, D.C. and the approach taken from both a city management and technology perspective. Further, the talk will address challenges of interoperability by making the case that category theory provides a possible semantic foundation for engineering of such complex interlinked systems.
Prof Eswaran Subrahmanian, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh
His areas of research are engineering design, information modeling for collaborative engineering work, role of standards for product life cycle management, engineering and policy and systems engineering for collaborative work. He has worked on projects with ABB, Bosch, Bombardier, Boeing and Alcoa for creating, deploying, and supporting global systems engineering projects.
He had been guest researcher at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in the USA. He has been Visiting Professor at TU Delft, University of Lyon II and is a Distinguished Visiting Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, UK. He is a Distinguished Scientist of the ACM and Fellow of the American Association of Advancement of Science (AAAS). He is also founding Member of Fields of View in Bangalore, India.
Tue10Jan20175.00-6.00 pmDepartment of Electrical Communication Engineering, Golden Jubilee HallShow details
This talk will address VLSI architectures for emerging Internet of Things applications. There are a number of critical concerns: Machine learning and information analytics, reducing energy consumption and silicon area, and enhancing security and preventing piracy. Almost all things should have embedded classifiers to make decisions on data. Thus, reducing energy consumption of features and classifiers is important.
The first part of the talk will present energy reduction approaches for a medical Internet of Things for monitoring EEG and predicting seizures. In the second part of the talk, I will address hardware security and present approaches to designing circuits that cannot be easily reverse engineered and cannot be pirated. To this end, authentication and obfuscation approaches will be presented.
Tea/coffee will be served before the talk.
Prof Keshab K. Parhi, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Keshab K. Parhi has been with the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis since 1988, where he is currently Distinguished McKnight University Professor and Edgar F. Johnson Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
He received the B.Tech. degree from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur in 1982, the M.S.E.E. degree from the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia in 1984, and his PhD degree from the University of California, Berkeley in 1988. He published 595 papers, holds 29 patents, and has authored the textbook VLSI Digital Signal Processing Systems (Wiley, 1999) and coedited the reference book Digital Signal Processing for Multimedia Systems (Marcel Dekker, 1999).
Keshab K. Parhi is widely recognized for his work on high-level transformations of iterative data-flow computations, for developing a formal theory of computing for design of digital signal processing systems, and for his contributions to multi-gigabit Ethernet systems on copper and fiber and for backplanes. His current research addresses VLSI architecture design of signal processing, communications and biomedical systems, error control coders and cryptography architectures, high-speed transceivers, stochastic computing, hardware security, and molecular computing. He is also currently working on intelligent classification of biomedical signals and images, for applications such as seizure prediction and detection, schizophrenia classification, biomarkers for mental disorders, brain connectivity, and diabetic retinopathy screening.
Wed18Jan20174.00 - 5.00 pmRobert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
The talk has two parts: The first part is on the LAAS-CNRS lab and its research related to systems and computing and applications. The second part is on systems engineering, ranging from systems monitoring and bridgening the gap between formal and semi-formal methods with a focus on requirement eliciaition issues and deployment. The seminar ends with actual challenging work of "Can we talk about emergent properties in engineering systems?" and a follow up debate with the audience on such issue.
A discussion on various possibilities for students to do PhD and visiting opportunities is part of the lecture.
Abd-El-Kader Sahraoui was born in the city of Frenda in the South West of Algeria. He obtained his B.Sc and M.Sc from Manchester University in 1977 and 1979. He has held different positions in industry from 1979 to 1984 and obtained his PhD and D.Sc. degrees from Toulouse University in 1987 and 1994.
He has been Lecturer, Assistant and Associate Professor at Toulouse University UPS and at Tarbes Engineering Institute ENIT. Currently, he is a Professor at Toulouse II University in the college of IUTB and a Research Associate at LAAS-CNRS of the French Research Council. He has been Associate Researcher at the University of California, Berkeley during the academic year 1999/2000, pursuing research in system engineering for advanced transportation systems. He was Guest Professor and Chair of Requirement Engineering at Hasso Plattner Institute for Systems Software Engineering in Postdam, Germany in the academic year 2001/2002.
Thu16Feb201711-12 pmRBCCPS, Seminar HallShow details
Formal modelling is hard and is often difficult to scale for large and complex systems. As part of the AMADEOS project, a tool was designed to facilitate rapid modelling and simulation of system-of-systems (SoS) using a customization of Google Blockly tool. Blockly has been adopted to ease the design of SoS by means of simpler and intuitive user interface; thus requiring minimal technology expertise and support for the SoS designer. This talk will showcase some of the ideas and results of the tool developed for the AMADEOS project.
Dr P. Arun Babu
P. Arun Babu worked as a postdoctoral researcher at ResilTech, Pisa for the European Union projects CECRIS (Certification of critical systems) and AMADEOS (Architecture for multi-criticality agile dependable evolutionary open system-of-systems). He received his PhD from Homi Bhabha National Institute at Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research in 2013 and his M.Tech. degree from the University of Hyderabad in 2008. He has also worked in industry at Cavium Networks and Progress Software.
Fri10Mar2017Sat11Mar2017M. S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology (MSRIT)Show details
The Symposium on Smarter Cities is being organized jointly by Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore and the Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems (RBCCPS), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore under TEQIP-II (Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme) and will be held at Ramaiah Institute of Technology campus on March 10-11, 2017.
Smarter Cities act as a catalyst for economic growth and improve the quality of life of their citizens by developing and implementing area-based technologies and solutions to today’s challenges.
The goal of the symposium is to provide a platform for domain experts, researchers, practitioners, and students to exchange ideas on technologies and practical experiences related to Smarter Cities. It will cover various aspects of Smarter Cities such as energy, transportation, water, healthcare, education, pollution, tourism and governance with a focus on state-of-the art technologies, methodologies, and best practices.
The symposium should be of interest to:
- Researchers in the Smarter Cities domain
- Participants in Smarter cities projects
- Students in engineering and management streams
- City administrators
An "Ideathon", open to students of engineering colleges all over India, will be part of the symposium. We welcome ideas that are novel, practical and of an interdisciplinary nature for solutions to problems related to Smarter Cities. The Ideathon will provide an opportunity to students to interact with experts and present their ideas for solving real-world problems.
The top three ideas will win cash awards worth a total of Rs. 1,50,000 (First prize – Rs. 75,000; second prize – Rs. 50,000; third prize – Rs. 25,000).
Please visit the Symposium website for detailed information on the program and the Ideathon.
Mon13Mar2017Wed29Mar2017RBCCPS, Seminar HallInstructor: Professor K R K Rao, Head of Analog Training at Texas Instruments India, retd. Professor IIT MadrasSyllabus: The course will introduce a systems approach to analog design via detailed discussion of the following topics:
Specially designed experimental kits will be made available to enable the students to learn via laboratory exercises.Prerequisites: Curiosity to learn practical analog design.Timings:Theory: 9.30-10.30 am, Labs: 5-7pmDates: March 13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 24, 27, 29The course is fully booked.
- Automatic Gain Control
- Filter Design
- Phase Locked Loops
- Frequency Locked Loops.
Mon03Apr20174-5 pmRBCCPS, Seminar HallShow details
Analytics of network telemetry data is useful for addressing many important network operational problems. While Big Data techniques have been pushing scale boundaries for processing data ever further, in many cases the real bottleneck for analytics is the acquisition, i.e. the ability to generate and export the data on which analytics depends.
To address this issue, the framework distributed network analytics that pushes analytics processing into the network and dynamically sets up data sources as needed. One of the challenges of such a framework concerns providing users with simple ways to articulate network analytics queries and instruct the network which data to generate and provide.
We have addressed this issue using a model-driven approach that is presented in this talk. Using YANG as a way to model network analytics tasks, our system lets users articulate network analytics tasks at a very high level of abstraction that is subsequently broken down by the framework into lower-level analytics tasks which are deployed across the network.
Mouli Chandramouli, Cisco
Mouli Chandramouli has a M.Sc. and Ph.D. degree in Operations Research from the University of Arizona, Tucson. He worked at AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Communications Research for ten years in the areas of network performance modeling. Later he worked for the startup Dynamicsoft, that was later acquired by Cisco. He is currently working at Cisco in the area of analytics.
Tue11Apr201710.30-11.30 amRobert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
Dynamical patterns such as spiral waves or target waves occur in a wide variety of natural systems spanning across a range of length scales: From intracellular calcium waves to waves of infection spreading over thousands of kilometers. These patterns also occur in physiological systems such as the heart, uterine myometrium, gastro-intestinal complex and cerebral cortex and are often observed in the context of deviations from the natural rhythm of the organ (arrhythmia). Most prominently, they are implicated in the disturbances to the normal pumping rate in the heart, resulting in cardiac disease, one of the leading causes of death in both the industrialized and developing world. For these reasons, arrhythmias are the subject of intense research.
Increased availability of experimental data and vastly improved computational power (high performance computation) have enormously facilitated the building of realistic models of these physiological systems, especially the heart. Modelling approaches are most useful in scenarios where they can complement experiments, such as in the investigation of complex spatial patterns of electrical activity that occur in the bulk of the heart during instances of cardiac arrhythmia. Further, models also have applications in drug-testing, prediction and therapeutic interventions in the context of life-threatening arrhythmia.
In this talk, I will outline the mathematics of excitable media which is used to model the dynamics in these systems. I will briefly discuss the tools of high-performance computation that are used typically for these systems. I will then describe a few results pertinent to the genesis, detection and control of arrhythmia in the context of heart. Finally, I will conclude with a brief discussion on modelling a different kind of pattern, viz, patterns of urban growth and demographic change.
About the Speaker
S. Sridhar obtained his Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from the University of Madras in 2011. His doctoral research carried out at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai, involved investigating the nonlinear dynamics of patterns in biological systems and developing control schemes for spatially extended chaos having potential medical applications.
After doing a PostDoc in the Chemistry Department at Brandeis University (USA), he joined Scimergent (Data Analytics company based in Chennai) as postdoctoral scientist in 2013 to work on an data-driven approach to study patterns of urbanization and economic networks in India. During 2015-2016, he worked as a Pegasus Marie-Curie Postdoctoral Fellow at the Department of Physics, Ghent University (Belgium).
His research interests include, modelling cardiac arrhythmia, pattern formation in biological and chemical systems, and spatiotemporal patterns of development and urbanization in India. He has also co-authored a book on genesis and control of patterns in excitable media and is currently editing a Research Topic on "Simulating Normal and Arrhythmic Dynamics: From Sub-Cellular to Tissue and Organ Level" for Frontiers journal.
Tue09May2017Thu29Jun2017Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Hands-on LabShow details
Instructor: Professor Abd-El-Kader Sahraoui, University of Toulouse and Laboratory for Analysis and Architecture of Systems (LAAS-CNRS)
Lectures: 10.00-12.00 pm on 9, 16, 23 and 30 May (Tuesdays)
Lab: 4.00-7.00 pm on 7, 8, 14, 15, 21, 22, 28 and 29 June (Tuesdays and Thursdays)
The course will give an introduction to Systems Engineering in the CPS context by discussing the following topics:
- Introduction to Systems Engineering
- Processes and associated standards
- Requirements Engineering
- Process conceptions and architectures
- Validation and verification
- Case studies
- Cyber-Physical Systems
During the lab, two students will work on applying the development methodology and prototyping to applications in the following domains:
- Intelligent transport systems
- CPS applications
- Distributed computer control and IoT
- Programming embedded systems on TI Tiva
Basic knowledge on hardware, software and control systems
Unfortunately, the maximum number of participants already registered.
Mon05Jun2017Fri30Jun2017Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Hands-on LabShow details
Instructor: Dr Arun Babu
Every Monday and Friday, starting 5 June (5, 9, 12, 16, 19, 23, 26 and 30 June), 10.30-12.30
Cybersecurity deals with processes, techniques, and tools to protect computers and networks from unauthorized access and attacks. This course deals with practical aspects of cybersecurity and teaches various types of attacks and mechanisms to prevent them.
The following topics will be discussed:
- Attacks and attackers
- Safe and secure coding practices
- Basics of cryptography
- OS security
- Web security
- Network security
- Security through obscurity
- Cybersecurity in India,
- Case studies
Knowledge of computer programming and computer networks, familiarity with UNIX like OS, such as Linux/*BSD/Solaris
Thank you for your interest in the course. Unfortunately, it is fully booked.
Mon05Jun201711-12 pmRobert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
Vector Space Models represent words in a high dimensional space where “semantically” similar words are mapped to neighboring points. Such techniques have a long, rich history in the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP), but all methods depend in some way or another on the Distributional Hypothesis, which states that words that appear in the same contexts share semantic meaning. Here we share our experience in one such Predictive model, Word2vec Skip-Gram, a particularly computationally-efficient scheme for learning word embeddings from raw text.
The shallow neural network implementation of the model applied to a large Life Science corpus results in a Semantic Bio-Knowledge Graph of nodes (corresponding to words/phrases) and edge weights determined by metrics such as the Cosine Distance between vector pairs. We explore various properties exhibited by the Semantic Bio-Knowledge graph and highlight early results that suggest novel associations that are incipient from the data (such as between genes/diseases, drugs/genes, genes/genes etc.). In particular, the Temporal Analysis of the graph yields robust predictions of certain associations well ahead of their actual occurrence in the primary literature. We believe that a larger distributed software system, nferX, built on this model can augment knowledge synthesis and hypothesis generation in an era of exponentially growing literature.
About the Speaker
Murali Aravamudan is a serial entrepreneur, inventor and engineer who built successful technology companies in the Media and Telecom ecosystems. Murali is currently the Founder of the Life Sciences venture nference, whose mission is to improve clinical outcomes and commercial decisions through a large scale Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology platform. Murali is a technology pioneer having authored 95 US patents and more than 100 pending patents in the areas of search, personalization, conversational interfaces, data networking, telephony and, more recently, computational biology, pharmaceutical drug discovery and molecular diagnostics.
Earlier in his career, Murali served as Vice President and Chief Technology Officer of the Communications Software Business at Lucent Technologies and as a department head of Communications Software Research at Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill.
Tue06Jun2017Tue25Jul2017Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Hands-on LabShow details
Instructor: Darshak Vasavada
Every Tuesday in June (6, 13, 20, 27) and July (4, 11, 18, 25)
Lectures from 5.00-7.00 pm and Lab from 7.00-7.30 pm
Students are expected to work on the problems and platforms at home
The course is aimed for students from various fields, who do not have prior experience in electronics or programming but are interested in developing embedded systems specific to their field of technology. This course will enable students from various Science and Engineering branches to build simple embedded systems, or effectively team up with Electronics and Computer Science engineers to build embedded systems with higher complexity.
The following topics will be discussed:
- Microprocessor basics
- Introduction to programming
- Structure of a stand-alone system
- Programming I/O devices
- Communication between devices
- Communication with the external world
- Students presentations
None. However, exposure to some programming language will be useful. If not, the student may have to put in a extra effort to learn simple programming.
Thank you for your interest in the course. Unfortunately, it is fully booked.
Tue13Jun201714.00-15.00Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors have become one of the most widely used sensors in the recent times for a variety of applications. In the present research work, FBG sensor based devices have been devised for newer applications in bio-medical and engineering fields. Basically, novel packaging methodologies for FBGs are developed, which transducts the measured parameter to a secondary parameter that can be sensed by the FBG.
In the field of Cardiology, a FBG Pulse Recorder has been developed which has the ability to acquire the radial arterial pulse pressure waveform. This Pulse Recorder has been used to evaluate blood pressure, arterial compliance and pulse transit time differential. In the field of Dentistry, an FBG based bite force recorder which can record the individual tooth bite force has been developed. Also, an in-vitro study utilizing the FBG Temperature Sensor to measure the variation of temperature in the pulp chamber during light curing of composite materials has been carried out.
In the field of Seismology, a cantilever based seismometer using a FBG sensor has been developed and tested for field conditions along with a commercial seismometer. Further, the FBG seismometer has been employed for a unique application of an elephant intrusion monitoring. Furthermore, an FBG device has been developed for displacement measurement facilitating tuneable sensitivity; this device has been exploited for vibrometry and surface profilometry.
About the speaker
Sharath Umesh received his B.E. Degree in Mechanical Engineering from M S Ramaiah Institute of Technology in 2009. He received his PhD from the Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Indian Institute of Science in 2016. He is presently working as a Research Associate in the Central Manufacturing Technology Institute, Bangalore.
He is the recipient of a National Award named Prof K N Amulya Reddy Award among the Gandhian Young Technological Innovation Award 2015 held at Rashtrapti Bhavan, New Delhi for "Fiber Bragg Grating Pulse Recorder". He is the recipient of Best Poster Presentation Award in the 7th International Conference on Sensing Technology 2013 held at Wellington, New Zealand.
Thu15Jun201716.00-17.00 pmRobert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
The design of complex engineered systems requires the concerted effort of diverse stakeholders, each responsible for a part or an aspect of the overall problem. Inconsistencies emerge naturally when different parts of a system design are often concurrently modified without regard for their dependencies. Such dependencies range from easy to detect and fix to requiring costly simulations and rework. This presentation introduces modelling language engineering concepts and in particular linguistic and ontological properties as a means to reason about the relationships between different views/engineering disciplines. Subsequently, we explore the link between consistency management and design processes.
About the Speaker
Hans Vangheluwe is a Professor in the Antwerp Systems and Software Modelling (AnSyMo) group within the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science at the University of Antwerp in Belgium, where he is a founding member of the NEXOR IOF Consortium on Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). He is an Adjunct Professor in the School of Computer Science at McGill University, Montreal, Canada where he was tenured faculty 2000-2010.
AnSyMo is an Associated Lab of Flanders Make, the strategic research centre for the Flemish manufacturing industry. He heads the Modelling, Simulation and Design Lab (MSDL), distributed over the University of Antwerp and McGill.
In a variety of projects, often with industrial partners, he develops and applies the model-based theory and techniques of Multi-Paradigm Modelling (MPM) in diverse application domains.
Wed21Jun201710.00-15.00Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical SystemsShow details
On 21 June the Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems will organise the 1st CPS Day, where we invite all recipients of the MTech Project Awards and of the Young Faculty Awards to present their research to the interested public.
For more information, please visit: www.rbccps.org/events/cps-day
Thu13Jul201715.30-16.15 pmRobert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
Society is rapidly advancing towards autonomous cyber-physical systems (CPS) that interact and collaborate with humans. Examples include semi-autonomous vehicles interacting with drivers and pedestrians, medical robots interacting with doctors and nurses, and many more. The safety-critical nature of these systems requires us to provide strong correctness guarantees on their performance in interaction with humans. However, the combination of intelligence and autonomy in these systems, and their interactions with humans, make them particularly challenging for verification and control.
In this talk, I will discuss our recent work on this topic of safe and interactive autonomy and verified intelligent systems. First, I will describe a learning-based game-theoretic approach to design autonomous systems that are mindful of their effects on humans, and further leverage these effects for better efficiency, coordination, and estimation. Next, I will discuss techniques to systematically verify robustness and safety of such systems. Finally, I will discuss the broader challenges for verified artificial intelligence, and corresponding promising directions to tackle these challenges.
About the Speaker
Sanjit A. Seshia is a Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at the University of California, Berkeley. He received an M.S. and Ph.D. in Computer Science from Carnegie Mellon University, and a B.Tech. in Computer Science and Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay.
His research interests are in dependable computing and computational logic, with a current focus on applying automated formal methods to problems in cyber-physical systems, computer security, electronic design automation, and synthetic biology. His Ph.D. thesis work on the UCLID verifier and decision procedure helped pioneer the area of satisfiability modulo theories (SMT) and SMT-based verification.
He is co-author of a widely-used textbook on embedded, cyber-physical systems and has led the development of technologies for cyber-physical systems education based on formal methods. His awards and honors include a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, the Frederick Emmons Terman Award for contributions to electrical engineering and computer science education, and the School of Computer Science Distinguished Dissertation Award at Carnegie Mellon University.
Wed19Jul2017Fri21Jul2017Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of ScienceShow details
The Symposium on Cyber Physical Systems is to bring eminent researchers in the area of CPS to Bangalore, have them interact with students and researchers from all over India, share ideas and interesting applications, and identify challenging future CPS research directions. We are organising six thematic sessions over three days:
- Autonomous Systems and Robotics
- Control and Optimisation for Smart Grids
- Hybrid Systems and ControlS
- Software Engineering for CPS
- CPS Test Beds
- CPS Security and Anomaly Detection
For more information and registration, please visit the Symposium website.
Tue25Jul201715.00-16.00Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
As we move away from fossil fuels toward renewable energy sources such as solar and wind, inexpensive energy storage technologies are required. This is so since renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, are intermittent. An alternative to batteries – which are quite expensive – is “smart loads”, such as air conditioners equipped with computation and communication capability. With appropriate software, the power consumption of air conditioning -- and many other loads -- can be varied around a baseline. This variation is analogous to the charging and discharging of a battery. Loads equipped with such intelligence have the potential to provide a vast and inexpensive source of energy storage. Two principal challenges in creating a reliable virtual battery from millions of consumer loads include (1) maintaining consumers’ Quality of Service (QoS) within strict bounds, and (2) coordinating the actions of loads with minimal communication to ensure accurate reference tracking by the aggregate.
When the loads in question are residential loads that can either turned on or off, the coordination problem suffers from a combinatorial explosion. This talk describes our work in addressing this challenge by using randomized control, in which control actions are decided probabilistically. A key advantage of this approach is that aggregate behavior of a collection of loads can be approximated by an LTI (linear time invariant) system. Two classes of on/off loads will be considered: deferrable loads, such as water pumps, and thermostatically controlled loads (TCLs) such as air conditioners. The latter is more challenging since the additional randomness introduced by weather and consumer behavior. While the former can be modeled by a finite-space space Markov chain, the latter requires an infinite state space.
About the Speaker
Prabir Barooah is an Associate Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of Florida, where he has been since 2007. He received the Ph.D. degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering in 2007 from the University of California, Santa Barbara. From 1999 to 2002 he was a research engineer at United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT. He received the M.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Delaware in 1999 and the B.Tech. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, in 1996.
Dr. Barooah is the winner of Endeavour Executive Fellowship (2016) from the Australian Government, ASEE-SE (American Society of Engineering Education, South East Section) outstanding researcher award (2012), NSF CAREER award (2010), General Chairs' Recognition Award for Interactive papers at the 48th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2009), best paper award at the 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Sensing and Information Processing (2005), and NASA group achievement award (2003).
Thu03Aug201711.00-12.00Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
Cyber-physical systems (CPS) such as automobiles, electrical grids, transportation networks and water networks, are increasingly controlled through (distributed) cyber-systems, which make them vulnerable to attacks. To secure CPS systems, just protecting bits (cyber-security) is insufficient: a sensor attack can feed wrong inputs to sensors and thus manipulate the physical signals before they get converted to bits.
By drawing insights from error correction, we develop CPS defense strategies that leverage the physical dynamics of CPS to protect against attacks. We demonstrate such strategies for the state estimation problem in the presence of attacks on sensors and actuators. We characterize the resilience of the system, which corresponds to the maximum number of attacks that can be tolerated while successfully reconstructing the state from observations. When there is measurement and process noise, these ideas enable design of (optimal) MMSE estimation under adversarial attacks.
We also propose computationally feasible state estimators for these problems. For the problem of designing output-feedback controllers that stabilize the system, we show that a principle of separation between estimation and control holds, even when there are adversarial attacks. We also develop ideas on how to develop secure active sensing, which could protect against individual sensor attacks in the context of anti-lock brake (ABS) sensors. We conclude the talk with a new notion of distortion security which is suitable for security for CPS systems, and show that it can also potentially enable lightweight security.
About the Speaker
Suhas N. Diggavi received the B.Tech. in Electrical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, and the Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University, USA, in 1998.
After completing his Ph.D., he was a Principal Member of Technical Staff in the Information Sciences Center, AT&T Shannon Laboratories, Florham Park. After that he was on the faculty of the School of Computer and Communication Sciences, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, where he directed the Laboratory for Information and Communication Systems (LICOS).
He is currently a Professor, in the Department of Electrical Engineering, at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he directs the Information Theory and Systems laboratory.
His research interests include wireless network information theory, wireless networking systems, network data compression and network algorithms; more information can be found at http://licos.ee.ucla.edu.
He has received several recognitions for his research including the 2013 IEEE Information Theory Society & Communications Society Joint Paper Award, the 2013 ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and Computing (MobiHoc) best paper award, the 2006 IEEE
Donald Fink prize paper award. He is currently a Distinguished Lecturer and also serves on board of governors for the IEEE Information theory society. He is a Fellow of the IEEE.
Thu31Aug201714.00-15.15Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
During this seminar, two talks will be presented:
Talk 1 (14.00-14.30)
Closedocs: An indexing system to index clusters of close documents
The cost of indexing two documents in traditional indexing systems is the same irrespective of the token overlap between two documents. In closedocs we developed an indexing scheme which indexes clusters of close documents with the aim of achieving significant CPU and space savings. This involved developing a scalable nearest neighbor retrieval scheme for retrieving similar documents in a corpus of 10s of billions of documents.
Talk 2 (14.40-15.15)
Practical methods for simulation of compressible flow
Traditionally explicit methods have been used for simulating compressible flow. However, explicit methods impose strict time step restrictions based on the speed of sound. In my thesis work, we developed a semi-implicit scheme for simulating compressible flow which alleviated this acoustic time step restriction, allowing us to take much larger time steps. The method splits the compressible flow flux into two parts – an advection part and an acoustic part.
The advection part is solved using an explicit scheme, while the acoustic part is solved using an implicit method allowing us to avoid the sound speed imposed CFL restriction. Our method leads to a standard Poisson equation similar to what one would solve for incompressible flow, but has an identity term more similar to a diffusion equation.
I will also briefly talk about extensions of this implicit pressure solve for solid-fluid coupling and for integrating shock wave dynamics into traditional smoke simulations.
About the Speaker
Nipun Kwatra received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from Stanford University in 2011. Before that he received his Masters degree from Georgia Tech in 2006 and a Bachelors degree from the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi in 2004.
His research focused on physically based simulation with focus on computational fluid dynamics and solid fluid coupling. He has been interested in applications of simulation to both computer graphics and scientific computing.
After his PhD he worked at Google for four years in the AdWords backend and web search infrastructure teams. In the AdWords team, he worked on systems infrastructure and ad-quality improvements. In the web search infrastructure team he worked on developing a new indexing scheme for indexing clusters of documents which yielded significant CPU and storage savings in the search serving system.
Since then he has been working on his startup in personal videos domain, where he developed an application which reinvents the browse, discovery and sharing experience for personal videos.
Fri27Oct201711.00-12.30Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
Cyber-physical systems, which rely on the joint functioning of information and physical systems, are vulnerable to cyber "information attacks" which impact the functioning of the internal physical system. This talk focuses on two broad classes of such attacks: Information extraction – wherein an external observer has access to input and output variables of the system exposed through cyber communication links, infers sensitive information about the internal states of the system and consequently compromises the security of system operation –and False Information Injection – wherein an attacker injects false inputs to the physical system and consequently impairs the system functions.
In this talk, an abstract framework that integrates information theoretic measures into classical stochastic control models is proposed to study fundamental security tradeoffs in such systems. The proposed framework is then used to study some practical problems in cyber-physical security, most notably within the context of energy storage in the smart electricity grid.
About the Speaker
Parvathinathan Venkitasubramaniam is an Associate Professor in the ECE Department of Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Prior to joining Lehigh University he was a post-doctoral fellow at the University of California, Berkeley. He received his B.Tech from IIT Madras (2002), M.Sc. (2005) and PhD (2007) from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, all in Electrical Engineering. He works on developing theoretical foundations for privacy in networked systems.
Wed08Nov201716.00-17.00Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
Artificial Intelligence and deep learning have taken the IT industry by storm. Major IT firms are investing heavily in these areas to gain a strategic advantage. This intense competition has resulted in many fast-paced technology developments, which are being incorporated into a plethora of applications in a variety of domains. This talk will provide an overview of the hype and reality behind the recent advances in AI/deep learning, and outline their potential use in cyber-physical systems.
Deep learning techniques are capable of making sense out of large volumes of disparate sensor data, and (deep) reinforcement learning can deal with complex control and planning scenarios. Therefore, in combination, these techniques can be used to address many challenges related to cyberphysical systems, such as monitoring and controlling large scale deployments, intelligent transportation, and drones.
About the Speaker
Raghu Krishnapuram is currently the Head of the R&D and IP Cell, as well as Professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department of Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore.
He was until recently Program Manager, Financial Services, Xerox Research Centre, India. Earlier, he worked at IBM T J Watson Center, Yorktown Heights, New York, where he was a technical leader for cognitive computing research. From 2000 to 2013, Raghu held various leadership positions at IBM Research India. During the last 4 years of his tenure at IBM Research India, he served as Associate Director, where he led projects in the area of “Knowledge, Information, and Smarter Planet Solutions”, with a particular focus on emerging markets. He also served as a relationship manager for IBM’s services divisions such as IBM Global Process Services and IBM Business Services.
Raghu is an alumnus of IIT Bombay. After graduating with a PhD from Carnegie Mellon University in 1987, he worked in the academia in the US for 13 years, initially at the University of Missouri and later at Colorado School of Mines, where he was a full professor. Raghu has published about 170 papers in journals and conferences, many with a very high citation count. He has filed over 40 patent disclosures out of which 11 have been granted by the US Patent Office. Raghu has been recognized as a Master Inventor by IBM and has served on the Technology Council of the IBM Academy of Technology. He is also a Fellow of IEEE and the Indian National Academy of Engineers (INAE).
Mon13Nov201717.00-18.00Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
ALS, or Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. There is no cure.
For people with ALS their eyes are their only link to the world. Eye controlled applications allow them a degree of communication and control and promise a degree of autonomy and dignity. After many decades in labs and niche applications, eye tracking is poised to go mainstream in the next five years and transform lives and society-at-large. It has important applications beyond accessibility. Our eyes are our primary portal to the world. Now imagine if a computer could detect where and what you were looking at all the time. The business applications beyond accessibility, are vast (gaming, education, productivity), and the social implications are somewhat scary.
About the Speaker
Harish S. Kulkarni is a Principal Software Engineer at Microsoft Corp. Over his two decade career, he has built key portions of Windows and Windows Embedded Operating Systems and as part of different advanced prototyping teams he has delivered important next generation technologies. He joined the Microsoft Research’s Enable team in 2014 which is focused on bringing cutting edge research to people with disabilities. He is currently working on building mobility and communication solutions for people with ALS using eye-tracking technology.
Mon13Nov2017Tue14Nov20179.15-17.30ECE Department, Golden Jubilee HallShow details
The workshop will focus on how to take research to the next stage of having impact, and on the challenges involved. It will survey different models being tried by different universities, may assess what has worked and what not, and will generally provide a constructive template on how to make a quantum jump on this aspect by thinking ahead and proactively structuring and spawning activities at universities.
In the session on Monday morning, experts from IIT Madras, Texas A&M and IISc will present their institutions' approach on translating research to impact. In an industry session on Monday afternoon, Chief Data Scientists or CTOs from the companies like Wipro, Flipkart and Conduent will detail their views on how to bridge academia and industry.
In a session on Monday afternoon and Tuesday morning, successful entrepreneurs of IISc will talk about their experiences. A VC co-founder will focus on the topic of building startups in Artificial Intelligence. The workshop ends with a panel discussion to help identify three to four critical action points to move towards the constructive template for spawning research to impact activities.
More information is available here: http://www.rbccps.org/research2impact.
Please register for the workshop here: http://www.rbccps.org/research2impact/registration/.
Mon20Nov201715.00-16.00Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
Modern world is witnessing rapid changes due to changing demographic, scientific and climatic conditions. This is reflected equally in the energy utility landscape as well. The political and economic dynamics in favor of carbon neutral measures, wide legislations by government bodies for accommodating distributed renewable energy sources is gradually abating the natural monopoly the utilities once used to enjoy; thus opening up new possibilities for the energy management. In a bid to survive and stay afloat in the era of hyper-competition, the utility and transmission system operators (TSOs) are focusing on curtailing the operational expenditures (OPEX), optimizing the capital expenses (CAPEX) and still trying to run the business profitable. The efforts carried out in the process has also to be sustainable so that it does not die during or after major technological or economic reforms.
India stands a special place due to its demographic dividend, quest for power and connectivity and massive technological need to cater to the common mass. To overcome different challenges, indigenous technology push plays a vital role. In this direction several government organizations and initiatives have become instrumental to make socio-economic impact.
At the same time, the emergence of fourth industrial revolution is shifting focus towards digitalization, cloud computing, big data analytics, internet of things and related topics. The lecture will discuss on some of the challenges related to the convergence of power and automation sector. The challenges in this field is enormous and so are the opportunities. The future prospects of connected things in a power system and the role of automation in improving the quality of life in the context of smart cities will be discussed in the lecture.
About the Speaker
Subrat Sahoo completed his Master and PhD from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in 2007 in the areas of transformer diagnostics. He worked in GE Global Research in Bangalore on remote prognostics of generators and steam turbines for four years. He is currently with ABB corporate research in Sweden since 2011, working as a senior scientist in the areas of rotating machine and power system diagnostics.
Dr Sahoo has authored and co-authored around fourteen papers in various international journals and conferences. He has co-authored eight patents. He collaborates with different universities in Europe and also with some IITs in India. He has supervised several Masters thesis students, examined PhD theses and serves in technical committee of various international conferences. He writes blogs in his free time on scientific and political fields and loves travelling and reading human minds.
Thu30Nov201710.00-11.00Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber-Physical Systems, Seminar HallShow details
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are engineered systems resulting from a seamless integration between physical processes and cyber technologies such as communication networks and computational hardware. This tight integration exposes the CPS to a variety of attacks, both on the physical and cyber components, which can result in significant performance degradation. Further, CPS usually consist of multiple agents that collaborate and share information with each other, thus making them vulnerable to privacy breach and leakage of confidential data. This talk will focus on the need, design and analysis of security and privacy mechanisms in CPS.
In the first part of the talk, we will present a security problem for real-time resource- constrained autonomous systems (for example, a UAV), which can reserve only limited computational resources and time for security and control purposes. In such scenarios, the control and security tasks usually compete with each other for limited resources and there exists a trade-off between security and control performance. We characterize the optimal trade-off and identify attack regimes in which the system should prefer control tasks over security tasks, and vice-versa.
The second part will focus on privacy in cooperative dynamical multi-agent CPS. We present a noise adding differentially private mechanism to preserve the privacy of agents’ state over time, and analyze the effect of the privacy mechanism on the system performance. Next, we show that a fundamental trade-off exists between privacy and cooperation level, and it is beneficial for the agents to reduce cooperation if they want to be more private.
About the Speaker
Vaibhav Katewa is a postdoctoral scholar in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at University of California, Riverside. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from University of Notre Dame in 2012 and 2016, respectively, advised by Prof. Vijay Gupta. He received his B.Tech. from IIT Kanpur in 2007 in Electrical Engineering.
His research interests include design and analysis of security and privacy methods for cyber-physical systems and complex networks, decentralized and sparse feedback control, and protocol design for networked control systems.