Study of India appropriate technology (IoT) solutions for Smart Cities

The Indian Government has launched many national-scale ICT initiatives in the last year. Irrespective of their final mandate, these programs are ultimately driving towards a coherent plan of infrastructure development, service delivery and information transparency for the advancement and empowerment of Indian citizens. ICT will be critical for the successful execution and long-term sustainability of these projects. Among other ICT technologies, the Internet of Things (IoT) can provide a seamless inter-connect between the physical entities with the cyber world with M2M communication and closed-loop control with/without human intervention. Hence, leapfrogging to adopt IoT as the ICT “technology of choice” will be the key to success.

Efficient architectures and algorithms for distributed video analytics for Smart Cities

Most of the smart city components, as articulated by the 20 candidate cities chosen for Smart City implementation by the Indian Government, can greatly benefit by the use of cameras as sensing devices. Examples include surveillance, smart parking, transit management, etc. This is not surprising as cameras are a very versatile and rich sensor and hence one can extract useful information to enable a diverse set of applications. However, the negative is the high data bandwidth required to transfer data from the cameras to the computing center. Hence it is imperative that one explore ways of analyzing the camera data at the edge so that only useful information is sent to the computing center, thus minimizing bandwidth. At the same time, the whole system needs to be flexible enough to allow programmatic control of what useful information to extract as this depends on the actual application. Hence this forms the basic premise and problem for this proposal.

Smart City test bed

The Indian Government has identified Smart Cities as a priority area for development in the coming years. ICT will play a key role in supporting smart city solutions and more specifically, IoT technologies will be a key enabler for providing the “smarts”. The requirements from citizens in cities is diverse and cuts across many different verticals like transportation, water management, solid waste management, smart parking etc. Typically, each vertical will be addressed by a different vendor, who will provide an end-to-end solution. However it has been recognized of late, that a better approach might be to have a horizontal approach where in sensors, and other data are made available across different silos – in order to foster new, cost effective solutions to various city related problems and citizen needs. A simple example is that of a camera sensor which can aid in not only in surveillance but also in crowd management, smart parking, transit operations management etc. applications. Hence there is a need to develop smart city ICT/IoT framework as a generic platform that will support a diverse set of applications.